BRIEF HISTORY OF SPODE

The Christmas Tree pattern was designed by Harold Holdway in 1938. Since that time many variations have been seen. Here is an extract from the pattern book showing pattern S2836 with an additional Holly border for the Ziegler Bowl.

Below, a Dinner Plate in Christmas Tree pattern c.1960

 

An early heart-shaped in dish in Bone China

‘India Tree’ pattern, c.1925

A very early Low Scent Jar

Copeland figure ‘Simon the Fisherman’ shown as number 27 in the 1933
catalogue of Chelsea Derby figures.

Dessert plate in Bone China

Velamour model of an Elephant designed by Erik Olsen. This model appears in the 1938 Velamour Catalogue

The Copeland Period Part 2, 1901-1966

By 1900, the company had been owned and managed by the Copeland family for 67 years, and was to remain so for as long again. After the First World War, dinner and tea services “for best” were high on the list of growing numbers of young homeowners and huge quantities of such services were made at a range of prices.

Earthenware products were made to the highest of standards and high quality clay and glazes were used to produce a durable and non-crazing product with a beautiful silky glaze. A wide variety of transfer printed patterns was produced, often variants of patterns first produced in Josiah II’s time, on a large scale. Some of these, such as ‘Chinese Rose’, ‘India Tree’, ‘Spode’s Italian’ (so named to distinguish Spode’s product from its imitators), and ‘Christmas Tree’ were immensely popular. It has been estimated that some 30 million Christmas Tree pieces are presently in use in the USA alone.

Every transfer print was made from hand engraved copperplate. The engraving process demanded extraordinarily high skills and each copper-plate took on average six man weeks of work to complete. The most popular patterns needed numerous copperplates to be able to make the necessary variety of shapes and sizes. With the advent of computer technology, the need for hand-engraving diminished.

The company also produced fine wares reflecting Art Deco and modernist styles, in the 1930s recruiting sculptors such as Erik Olsen and producing work in new ceramic bodies such as Onyx and Velamour, which were suited to current fashions.

Some of the new patterns introduced in the period became classics. “The Hunt”, based on various paintings by JF Herring, a fairly important Victorian artist of whom the Copeland family had been patrons, and some of whose work hung in Copeland family homes, was produced on tea, dinner and ornamental wares. “Rhododendrons” was based on specimens grown in the Copeland family home in Trelissick, Cornwall.

The Copelands had purchased the antique moulds made at the Chelsea and Derby ceramics factories in the 18th Century and in the 1930s, the factory produced a range of figures, cast from and based on the Chelsea/Derby originals.

Fine hand-painted bone china continued to be made throughout the period. With technological improvements and use of only the finest raw materials, Spode produced the finest Bone China body in the world. By maintaining the specialised rare skills of its employees, while at the same time investing in newer manufacturing processes, the factory kept the flexibility and capacity to make both larger quantities of mass-produced items and one-offs for special orders.

The company passed out of the hands of the Copeland family in 1966.

Bow-handled bucket in Bone China

Copeland Toby Jugs in the form of Roosevelt and Churchill
modelled by Erik Olsen in 1941

Bone china Claw footed "beakers” in two sizes

Spode’s Rhododendron pattern created in 1948. On our page, Historic Spode Factory — The People, china painter Denis Emery can be seen decorating a Rhododendron pattern plate.